Humanist Discussion Group

Humanist Archives: May 19, 2021, 7:01 a.m. Humanist 35.25 - PhD studentship (tech policy & law, UCL)

				                  Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 35, No. 25.
        Department of Digital Humanities, University of Cologne
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        Date: 2021-05-18 12:01:37+00:00
        From:  Veale, Michael 
        Subject: Fully funded international PhD position in regulating computational platform infrastructures at UCL Laws

UCL Faculty of Laws is offering a fully funded 3-year Home/Overseas PhD
studentship in technology policy and law, open to candidates from a wide
variety of disciplines, funded by the Fondation Botnar.

   *   Topic: Regulating platform computational and sensing
infrastructures, with an emphasis on the global dimension and regulating
from the perspective of poorer countries.
   *   Supervised by Dr Michael Veale (Lecturer in Digital Rights and
Regulation at UCL)
   *   Open to: Anyone with a background in law or technology policy,
understood broadly.

Details and how to apply:
http://www.homepages.ucl.ac.uk/~ucqnmve/files/UCLLawsPhD.pdf

More details:
UCL Faculty of Laws is offering a fully funded 3-year Home/Overseas PhD
studentship in Law, focussing on regulating platform infrastructures in
the Global South. This is part of the ‘Real Time Epidemiology’ project
(UCL investigator Dr Michael Veale, partners EPFL, ETH Zürich, TU Delft,
3db Technologies) funded by the Fondation Botnar.

The COVID-19 pandemic has spurred interest in using sensors, both on
existing devices like smartphones, as well as bespoke devices, to
support granular, rapid, public health interventions. The Real Time
Epidemiology Project has experience of this, having created two
protocols (‘DP-3T’ Bluetooth tracing and ‘CrowdNotifier’ QR-code-based
COVID exposure risk alerts), versions of which have been widely deployed
around the world during the pandemic. Sensor networks are also changing,
with new technologies emerging that are more precise (such as Ultra Wide
Band, used by Apple’s ‘AirTags’) or longer in range (such as LoRa/Amazon
‘Sidewalk’). At the same time, some desire to make use of data,
including from such sensors, for various notions of public benefit, for
example through ‘data trusts’, ‘data foundations’ or ‘data altruism’.

The societal, technical and legal considerations concerning who gets to
use, alter, assemble and dismantle such platform sensing infrastructures
are complex. Private companies, such as Apple and Google, control
hardware, operating systems and software distribution networks (app
stores), through a range of technical and legal means. Their vertical
integration can mean that software struggles to make use of sensors in
the vast majority of devices they manage without their blessing. Private
standard-setting bodies, such as the IETF or the IEEE, have had
important roles in shaping this area. Some jurisdictions have tried, or
are currently experimenting with, approaches to governing
infrastructures (e.g. the EU’s Digital Markets Act). Governments also
desire to use these networks in very different ways: some have strong
wariness about turning citizens into sensors, others see it as a way to
surveil or even optimise their populations. Some have seen private
governance of this area, particularly by US technology firms, as
limiting abuses of power by governments. Others have seen the practical
inability of states to control infrastructures built and maintained by
these firms as impinging on varying notions of ‘digital sovereignty’.
Either way, all these above activities of regulation and governance have
potential extraterritorial and transnational implications, creating a
challenging landscape for a coherent and balanced global regime.

Policy discussions however centre predominantly on a few countries in
the Global North. This is problematic, as attempts to rebalance
legitimate decision-making power around the use and management of such
infrastructures can hardly be said to do so if that rebalancing is
solely within rich countries.

If you have any queries regarding the vacancy, please contact Dr Michael
Veale: m.veale@ucl.ac.uk

Full details in the PDF document linked to above. Deadline 18 June 2021.
Start in September 2021.

--
Dr Michael Veale
Lecturer in Digital Rights and Regulation
Faculty of Laws, University College London


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