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Humanist Archives: March 28, 2020, 9:27 a.m. Humanist 33.705 - tree-diagrams

                  Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 33, No. 705.
            Department of Digital Humanities, King's College London
                   Hosted by King's Digital Lab
                       www.dhhumanist.org
                Submit to: humanist@dhhumanist.org


    [1]    From: Jeremy Browne 
           Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams? (58)

    [2]    From: Robert Delius Royar 
           Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams? (18)

    [3]    From: Nathaniel Bobbitt 
           Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams? (28)

    [4]    From: Peter Jones 
           Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams? (23)

    [5]    From: David Zeitlyn 
           Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams? (29)


--[1]------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Date: 2020-03-27 15:56:30+00:00
        From: Jeremy Browne 
        Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams?

I cannot point you to any specific research or history on those types of charts,
but the technical name is "dendrogram." Using that term will probably get you in
the right direction.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dendrogram

--jeremy

________________________________________
From: Humanist 
Sent: Friday, March 27, 2020 1:43 AM
To: publish-liv@humanist.kdl.kcl.ac.uk
Subject: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams?

                  Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 33, No. 701.
            Department of Digital Humanities, King's College London
                   Hosted by King's Digital Lab
                       www.dhhumanist.org
                Submit to: humanist@dhhumanist.org




        Date: 2020-03-26 20:30:57+00:00
        From: Bernard Geoghegan 
        Subject: Tree diagrams in computer science and other fields (i.e.
genealogy)

[From SIGCIS, already bubbling with suggestions. - WM]


Dear Colleagues,

A little query sent across the lockdowns and quarantines: Can anyone
recommend scholarship on the tree-style diagrams that circulate both in
computer science and a wide range of other fields, for example,
genealogy, kinship? Is there any good work on the history of these
diagrams, their intersection, and what they might say about possible
links in styles of reasoning across fields that might, otherwise, seem
remote?

Thanks for your thoughts,

b

--

Bernard Dionysius Geoghegan
Senior Lecturer in the History and Theory of Digital Media
Chair of the UG Assessment Board, Digital Culture
www.bernardg.com
Department of Digital Humanities
King's College London
The Strand Building
Room S3.08
WC2R 2LS
Office: +44 (0)20 7848 4750


--[2]------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Date: 2020-03-27 11:49:59+00:00
        From: Robert Delius Royar 
        Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams?

At risk of being thought simple, I will direct attention to the article
"Figurative system of human knowledge" in the Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figurative_system_of_human_knowledge. The
diagram appeared in the for the Encyclop├ędie by Jean le Rond d'Alembert
and Denis Diderot (mid 18th c.). it is referred to as "the tree of Diderot
and d'Alembert." The diagram is probably not the first. I suspect there are
models of such diagrams earlier because my eidetic memory includes an image
of a diagram with handwriting that may have been in a medieval manuscript.
I also suspect that if one were to investigate Camillo, Bembo, Manutius,
Erasmus and 16th century printing, hse would find additional examples of
branching diagrams. They are superb memory aids and very portable.



--
               Robert Delius Royar
 Caught in the net since 1985


--[3]------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Date: 2020-03-27 11:38:48+00:00
        From: Nathaniel Bobbitt 
        Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams?

Bernard,

The following serve for functional control and for tree design of hierarchy
across various domains.

Functional trees (comparative) use of cladistics

Harvey, P. H., & Pagel, M. D. (1991). The comparative method in evolutionary
biology (Vol. 239). Oxford: Oxford university press.


Knowledge systems and facet analysis

Gopinath, M. A. (1992). Ranganathan's theory of facet analysis and knowledge
representation. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 12(5).

Priss, U. (2008). Facet-like structures in computer science. Axiomathes, 18(2),
243-255

Keet, C. M. (2006). A taxonomy of types of granularity. In GrC (pp. 106-111).

Allwein, G., & Barwise, J. (Eds.). (1996). Logical reasoning with diagrams (Vol.
6). Oxford University Press.



Nathaniel Bobbitt


--[4]------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Date: 2020-03-27 10:09:47+00:00
        From: Peter Jones 
        Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams?

Hello Bernard,
There is quite an old book on genograms:
https://www.amazon.co.uk/Genograms-Assessment-Intervention-Norton-
Professional/dp/0393702944
Generally there was also work on the application of visualization in the social
sciences in the 1990s, that included many reports and events "Thinking with
Diagrams":

ARCHIVED at:
Advisory Group on Computer Graphics (AGOCG)


Often wonder and may have posted previously about revisiting this theme.
The Computer Journal may be useful with a specific search:
https://academic.oup.com/comjnl
Be Well, Be Safe,
Peter-------
Peter Jones
Community Mental Health Nurse, Tutor & Researcher
Blogging at "Welcome to the QUAD"
http://hodges-model.blogspot.com/
http://twitter.com/h2cm


--[5]------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Date: 2020-03-27 08:52:21+00:00
        From: David Zeitlyn 
        Subject: Re: [Humanist] 33.701: tree diagrams?

Nice question.

See Bouquet, M. 1996. "Family Trees and Their Affinities - the Visual Imperative
Of the Genealogical Diagram." Journal Of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2
(1): 43-66.

A sample follows:
"Bourdieu (1977: 37-8) posed the questions of what lies behind he graphic
representation of kinship, and recommended a social history of the genealogical
tool (1977: 207). Bourdieu's call for "an epistemological study of the mode
of investigation which is a precondition for the production of a genealogical
diagram" (1977: 207), is interpreted here exclusively in terms of visual
discourse, as part of what Rudwick (1976) has called the "visual language"
of science. Gifford-Gonzalez (1993: 26) has discussed the way artists mine
"arcane specialist knowledge to make simulacra, realistic images of things
that don't exist in the present world", for illustrations of palaeolithic
life. The genealogical diagram performs an analogous operation, drawing upon a
genre, a metaphor in Young's (1993) terms -- the family tree -- so that
"the visual representations also become an argument for the credibility of the
scientists' inferences" Gifford-Gonzalez (1993: 26)." Bouquet 1996: 45


There are also some nice examples of varying styles of visual representation
used in different cultural traditions to represent kin relationships. I can dig
some out with time.

david




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