Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 15, No. 457.
Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
Date: Mon, 21 Jan 2002 06:33:33 +0000
From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <email@example.com>
Subject: IFLA & IPA Copyright Principles & Draft Statement on the
Archiving and Preserving of Digital Information.
News on Networking Cultural Heritage Resources
from across the Community
January 17, 2002
International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)
& International Publishers' Association (IPA)
Establish Joint Steering Group
Librarians and Publishers Work to a Common Agenda
Publishers and Librarians Promote Common Principles
on Copyright in the Electronic Environment
Here are some principles hammered out between IFLA and the IPA on
copyright. The announcement below also refers to other joint statements
between these international bodies of librarians and publishers, including
a draft statement on the Archiving and Preserving of Digital Information.
* While the fundamental principles underlying copyright protection in
the print environment remain the same in the electronic environment (in
this sense, "digital is not different"), the Group recognises that the
advent of new technologies has fundamentally changed methods of publication
and dissemination as well as rights management (in this sense, "digital is
* Bridging the digital divide is best achieved by government
programmes increasing funding for the provision of books and other
publications in libraries as well as for connecting end-users to the
Internet, especially in developing countries and disadvantaged groups in
* Exceptions and limitations to copyright in the public interest
remain necessary in the electronic environment, in order to maintain an
equitable balance between the rights of creators and distributors and the
needs of users but the nature and extent of exceptions and limitations must
be assessed by applying the three step test.
* Libraries are key players in ensuring long-term preservation
archiving of electronic information, through appropriate arrangements with
publishers. However, the conditions of access and other technical and
policy issues require further discussion among stake holders.
IPA and IFLA will promote the above principles to their respective
memberships (see www.ipa.-uie.org and www.ifla.org )
>Date: Thu, 17 Jan 2002 15:26:43 +0100
>From: Sjoerd Koopman <Sjoerd.Koopman@IFLA.NL>
>The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions
>(IFLA) and the International Publishers' Association (IPA) have
>established a joint steering group to work together on matters of
>Joint statements have been published recently - see:
>"Librarians and publishers working to a common agenda" at:
>"Publishers and librarians promote common principles on copyright in
>the electronic environment " at:
>A next statement is under preparation: Joint Statement on the
>Archiving and Preserving of Digital Information (see draft text
>We would like to solicit your opinion about this new statement.
>Please let us have your comments at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
>Thank you in anticipation of your reaction,
>Secretary General IFLA
>Prins Willem Alexanderhof 5
>2595 BE The Hague
"DRAFT FOR DISCUSSION"
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF LIBRARY ASSOCIATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS
INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION
JOINT STATEMENT ON THE ARCHIVING AND PRESERVING OF DIGITAL INFORMATION
Preserving digital information is becoming an increasingly
urgent challenge for both libraries and publishers,
as the amount of digital information is growing
quickly and preservation policies and techniques
for this format of material have received little or no priority.
While many electronic publications are produced in both
print and digital formats, although not always at the same
time or in identical versions, more and more material is
produced as "born digital", that is, it has no print equivalent.
It is estimated that much of this type of material has
already been lost, as some producers have deleted
their electronic publications without ensuring that a
long-term archiving process was implemented.
The need is pressing. While the costs of long-term
archiving are high, the cost of doing nothing would be
Libraries have traditionally taken care of the
publications they have acquired, and have saved
the physical artifact because they wished to safeguard
the information contained in the artifact. With digital
information the safeguarding of the content becomes
a shared responsibility between the producer and the
collector of the information. While both publishers
and libraries are committed to maintaining digital files,
efforts to date are inconsistent, fragmented and
PRINCIPLES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Both IFLA and IPA wish to work together to obtain
some practical and long-term results in the area of
digital preservation. They therefore advocate the
following principles and recommendations:
1. An increasing amount of information published
only in electronic form has enduring cultural and
documentary significance and is just as important
as information published in more traditional forms.
2. The long-term availability of this information is
required and action must be taken now to make
3. Both organizations will work to make long-term
archiving and preservation a key agenda item
4. Both organizations will encourage the development
of industry standards, systems, and research for digital
archiving and preservation, including identifying funding
opportunities to support such work.
5. While publishers generally can ensure the short-term
archiving of their publications so long as these
publications are economically viable, libraries are
best-placed to take responsibility for long-term
archiving through appropriate arrangements with
6. Since national libraries have the mandate to
acquire and preserve the published heritage in
their respective countries, and most are experimenting
with the acquisition of digital publications, these
libraries, with other leading libraries and organizations,
should take the lead responsibility for long-term
archiving of digital publications;
7. A publisher/library working group will further
develop joint initiatives regarding the technical,
economic and policy issues of digital preservation.
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