From: Humanist Discussion Group (by way of Willard McCarty willard.mccarty_at_kcl.ac.uk>

Date: Sat, 27 Nov 2004 09:13:15 +0000

Date: Sat, 27 Nov 2004 09:13:15 +0000

Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 18, No. 379.

Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

www.kcl.ac.uk/humanities/cch/humanist/

www.princeton.edu/humanist/

Submit to: humanist_at_princeton.edu

Date: Fri, 26 Nov 2004 08:28:53 +0000

From: Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty_at_kcl.ac.uk>

Subject: new books

(1) David Hilbert and the Axiomatization of Physics (1898-1918) From

Grundlagen der Geometrie to Grundlagen der Physik

by

Leo Corry Cohn Institute for History and Philosophy of Science, Tel Aviv

University, Israel

David Hilbert (1862-1943) was the most influential mathematician of the

early twentieth century and, together with Henri Poincare, the last

mathematical universalist. His main known areas of research and

influence were in pure mathematics (algebra, number theory, geometry,

integral equations and analysis, logic and foundations), but he was also

known to have some interest in physical topics. The latter, however, was

traditionally conceived as comprising only sporadic incursions into a

scientific domain which was essentially foreign to his mainstream of

activity and in which he only made scattered, if important,

contributions. Based on an extensive use of mainly unpublished archival

sources, the present book presents a totally fresh and comprehensive

picture of Hilbert?s intense, original, well-informed, and highly

influential involvement with physics, that spanned his entire career and

that constituted a truly main focus of interest in his scientific

horizon. His program for axiomatizing physical theories provides the

connecting link with his research in more purely mathematical fields,

especially geometry, and a unifying point of view from which to

understand his physical activities in general. In particular, the now

famous dialogue and interaction between Hilbert and Einstein, leading to

the formulation in 1915 of the generally covariant field-equations of

gravitation, is adequately explored here within the natural context of

Hilbert?s overall scientific world-view. This book will be of interest

to historians of physics and of mathematics, to historically-minded

physicists and mathematicians, and to philosophers of science.

CONTENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS Preface. Acknowledgements and Credits.

Introduction. 1: Late Nineteenth Century Background. 1.1. Hilbert?s

Early Career. 1.1.1 Algebraic Invariants. 1.1.2 Algebraic Number Fields.

1.1.3 Deep Roots in Tradition. 1.2. Foundations of Geometry. 1.2.1

Riemann. 1.2.2 Projective Geometry. 1.2.3 Nineteenth-Century Axiomatics.

1.2.4 Pasch and the Italian School. 1.3. Foundations of Physics. 1.3.1

Kinetic Theory, Mechanistic Foundations. 1.3.2 Carl Neumann. 1.3.3

Heinrich Hertz. 1.3.4 Paul Volkmann. 1.3.5 Ludwig Boltzmann. 1.3.6 Aurel

Voss. 1.4. Mathematics and Physics in Gottingen at the Turn of the

Century. 1.4.1 Felix Klein. 1.4.2 The Physicists. 2: Axiomatization in

Hilbert?s Early Career. 2.1. Axiomatics, Geometry and Physics in

Hilbert?s Early Lectures. 2.1.1 Geometry in Konigsberg. 2.1.2 Geometry

in Gottingen. 2.1.3 Mechanics in Gottingen. 2.2. Grundlagen der

Geometrie. 2.2.1 Independence, Simplicity, Completeness. 2.2.2

Fundamental Theorems of Projective Geometry. 2.2.3 On the Concept of

Number. 2.3. The 1900 List of Problems. 2.3.1 Foundational Problems.

2.3.2 A Context for the Sixth Problem. 2.4. Early Reactions to the

Grundlagen. 3: The Axiomatic Method in Action: 1900-1905. 3.1.

Foundational Concerns ? Empiricist Standpoint. 3.2. Hilbert and Physics

in Gottingen circa 1905. 3.3. Axioms for Physical Theories: Hilbert?s

1905 Lectures. 3.3.1 Mechanics. 3.3.2 Thermodynamics. 3.3.3 Probability

Calculus. 3.3.4 Kinetic Theory of Gases. 3.3.5 Insurance Mathematics.

3.3.6 Electrodynamics. 3.3.7 Psychophysics. 3.3.8 A post-1909 addendum.

3.4. The Axiomatization Program by 1905 ? Partial Summary. 4: Minkowski

and Relativity: 1907-1909. 4.1. The Principle of Relativity. 4.2. The

Basic Equations of Electromagnetic Processes in Moving Bodies. 4.2.1

Three Meanings of "Relativity". 4.2.2 Axioms of Electrodynamics. 4.2.3

Relativity and Mechanics. 4.2.4 Relativity and Gravitation. 4.3. Space

and Time. 4.3.1 Groups of Transformations. 4.3.2 Empirical

Considerations. 4.3.3 Relativity and Existing Physical Theories. 4.4.

Max Born, Relativity, and the Theories of the Electron. 4.4.1 Rigid

Bodies. 4.5. Minkowski, Axiomatics and Relativity ? Summary. 5:

Mechanical to Electromagnetic Reductionism: 1910-1914. 5.1. Lectures on

Mechanics and Continuum Mechanics. 5.2. Kinetic Theory. 5.3. Radiation

Theory. 5.3.1 Hilbert and Kirchhoff?s Law: 1912. 5.3.2 Reactions and

Sequels: Early 1913. 5.3.3 Pringsheim?s Criticism: 1913. 5.3.4 Hilbert?s

Final Version: 1914. 5.3.5 Kinetic and Radiation Theory: General

Remarks. 5.4. Structure of Matter and Relativity: 1912-1914. 5.4.1

Molecular Theory of Matter - 1912-13. 5.4.2 Electron Theory: 1913. 5.4.3

Axiomatization of Physics: 1913. 5.4.4 Electromagnetic Oscillations:

1913-14. 5.5. Broadening Physical Horizons - Concluding Remarks. 6:

Einstein and Mie: Two Pillars of Hilbert?s Unified Theory. 6.1.

Einstein?s Way to General Relativity. 6.2. Mie?s Electromagnetic Theory

of Matter. 6.2.1 First and Second Installment: Early 1912. 6.2.2 Third

Installment: November 1912. 6.3. Contemporary Debates on Gravitation.

6.4. Born?s Formulation of Mie?s Theory. 6.5. The Background to

Hilbert?s Unified Theory ? Summary. 7: Foundations of Physics:

1915-1916. 7.1. Einstein in Gottingen ? Summer of 1915. 7.2. Hilbert?s

Unified Theory ? General Considerations. 7.3. Hilbert?s Communication to

the GWG ? November 1915. 7.3.1 Axioms and Basic Assumptions. 7.3.2 The

Hamiltonian Function and the Field Equations. 7.3.3 Summary and

Additional Considerations. 7.4. The Hilbert-Einstein Correspondence and

Einstein?s Four Communications ? November 1915. 7.5. Hilbert?s Unified

Theory: First Printed Version ? March 1916. 7.6. Foundations of Physics

? Summary. 8: Hilbert and GTR: 1916-1918. 8.1. Mie?s Reaction. 8.2.

Einstein?s Reaction. 8.3. Hilbert Teaches GTR ? 1916-1917. 8.4.

Hilbert?s Second Communication ? December 1916. 8.5. Gottingen Debates

on Energy Conservation in GTR ? 1918. 8.6. Later Talks and Writings on

GTR. 8.7. Last Versions of Hilbert?s Theory. 8.8. Hilbert?s Way to GTR ?

Summary and Concluding Remarks. 9: Epilogue. 9.1. Foundations of Quantum

Theory. 9.2. The Culture of "Nostrification" in Gottingen. 9.3. General

Relativity and Geometry. 9.4. Hilbert and Participant Histories of GTR.

9.5. Hilbert and Physics ? Concluding Remarks. Appendix 1: General

Chronology of Events Mentioned in the Text. Appendix 2: Hilbert?s

Gottingen Courses on Physics. Appendix 3: Seminars, Miscellaneous

Lectures. 3.A. Advanced Seminars Taught by Hilbert. 3.B. Public Lectures

by Hilbert. 3.C. Physical lectures at the GMG and GWG by Hilbert. 3.D.

Lectures on Physical Issues at the GMG by Others. Appendix 4: Hilbert?s

Physics Assistants and Doctoral Students. 4.A. Assistants for Physics.

4.B. Doctoral Students on Physical Topics. Appendix 5: Letters Quoted in

the Book. Appendix 6: Items from the Hilbert Nachlass referred to in the

Book. Appendix 7: Hilbert?s Axioms for Radiation Theory. References.

Commonly Used Abbreviations. Published and Unpublished Sources. Index.

Hard cover ISBN: 1-4020-2777-X Date: November 2004 Pages: 530 pp. EUR

160.00 / USD 179.00 / GBP 111.00

(2) Information Retrieval Algorithms and Heuristics Algorithms and

Heuristics

by

David A. Grossman

Ophir Frieder

Interested in how an efficient search engine works? Want to know what

algorithms are used to rank resulting documents in response to user

requests? The authors answer these and other key information retrieval

design and implementation questions. This book is not yet another high

level text. Instead, algorithms are thoroughly described, making this

book ideally suited for both computer science students and practitioners

who work on search-related applications. As stated in the foreword, this

book provides a current, broad, and detailed overview of the field and

is the only one that does so. Examples are used throughout to illustrate

the algorithms. The authors explain how a query is ranked against a

document collection using either a single or a combination of retrieval

strategies, and how an assortment of utilities are integrated into the

query processing scheme to improve these rankings. Methods for building

and compressing text indexes, querying and retrieving documents in

multiple languages, and using parallel or distributed processing to

expedite the search are likewise described. This edition is a major

expansion of the one published in 1998. Besides updating the entire book

with current techniques, it includes new sections on language models,

cross-language information retrieval, peer-to-peer processing, XML

search, mediators, and duplicate document detection.

CONTENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS List of Figures Preface Acknowledgements 1.

Introduction 2. Retrieval Strategies 3. Retrieval Utilities 4.

Cross-Language Information Retrieval 5. Efficiency 6. Integrating

Structured Data and text 7. Parallel Information retrieval 8.

Distributed Information retrieval 9. Summary and Future Directions

References Index

Hard cover ISBN: 1-4020-3003-7 Date: October 2004 Pages: 352 pp. EUR

129.00 / USD 142.00 / GBP 90.00 To purchase this book, click here to

visit our website's shopping cart feature.

Soft cover ISBN: 1-4020-3004-5 Date: October 2004 Pages: 352 pp. EUR

34.00 / USD 38.00 / GBP 24.00

(3) Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science

edited by

Shahid Rahman Universite Lille 3, France

John Symons University of Texas, El Paso, TX, USA

Dov M. Gabbay King's College London, UK

Jean Paul van Bendegem Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium

The aim of the series Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science, of

which this is the first volume, is to take up anew the challenge of

considering the scientific enterprise in its entirety in light of recent

developments in logic and philosophy. Developments in logic are

especially relevant to the current situation in philosophy of science.

At present, there is no single logic, single approach to semantics or

well-defined conception of scientific method dominating the philosophy

of science. At the same time, questions concerning linguistic,

reductionist and foundationalist approaches to epistemology, the

analytic and synthetic distinction as well as disputes concerning

semantics and pragmatics have been illuminated by recent developments in

logic. Given the power of such developments, discussions of the unity of

science are even more intriguing and urgent than in the 20th century.

The first title in this new series aims to explore, through extensive

co-operation, new ways of achieving the integration of science in all

its diversity. The present volume contains essays from some of the most

important and influential philosophers in contemporary philosophy,

discussing a range of topics such as philosophy of science,

epistemology, philosophy of logic and game theoretical approaches. It

will be of great interest to philosophers, computer scientists and all

others interested in the scientific rationality.

CONTENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS I. Some Programmatic Comments. 1. Logic,

Epistemology and the Unity of Science: An Encyclopedic Project in the

Spirit of Neurath and Diderot; Shahid Rahman and John Symons. 2. An

International Encyclopedia of the Unified Sciences translated by John

Symons and Ramon Alvarado); Otto Neurath. II. Game Theory and

Independence Friendly Logic as a Unifying Framework. 3. Towards a Unity

of the Human Behavioral Sciences; Herbert Gintis. 4. Some Coloured

Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics in the 20th Century; Gerhard

Heinzmann. 5. Logical Versus Nonlogical Concepts: An Untenable Dualism?;

Jaakko Hintikka. 6. Semantic Games in Logic and Epistemology;

Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen. 7. IF Logic, Game-Theoretical Semantics and New

Prospects for Philosophy of Science; Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen and Gabriel

Sandu. III. Unity and Plurality in Science and in Logic. 8. Concepts

Structured through Reduction: A Structuralist Resource Illuminates the

Consolidation-Long-Term Potentiation (LTP) Link; John Bickle. 9. The

Unity of Science and the Unity of Being: A Sketch of a Formal Approach;

C. Ulises Moulines. 10. Logical Pluralism and the Preservation of

Warrant; Greg Restall. 11. In Defence of the Dog: Response to Restall;

Stephen Read. 12. Normic Laws, Non-monotonic Reasoning, and the Unity of

Science; Gerhard Schurz. 13. The Puzzling Role of Philosophy in Life

Sciences: Bases for a Joint Program for Philosophy and History of

Science; Juan Manuel Torres. 14. The Creative Growth of Mathematics;

Jean Paul Van Bendegem. 15. Quantum Logic and the Unity of Science; John

Woods and Kent Peacock. IV. The Logic of the Knowledge-Seeking

Activities. 16. Belief Contraction, Anti-formulae and Resource

Overdraft: Part II Deletion in Resource Unbounded Logics; Dov Gabbay,

Odinaldo Rodrigues and John Woods. 17. Reasoning about Knowledge in

Linear Logic: Modalities and Complexity; Mathieu Marion and Mehrnouche

Sadrzadeh. 18. A Solution to Fitch's Paradox of Knowability; Helge

Ruckert. 19. Theories of Knowledge and Ignorance; Wiebe van der Hoek,

Jan Jaspars and Elias Thijsse. 20. Action-Theoretic Aspects of Theory

Choice; Heinrich Wansing. 21. Some Computational Constraints in

Epistemic Logic; Timothy Williamson. IV. Contributions from

Non-Classical Logics. 22. The Need for Adaptive Logics in Epistemology;

Diderik Batens. 23. Logics for Qualitative Reasoning; Paulo Veloso and

Walter Carnielli. 24. Logic of Dynamics and Dynamics of Logic: Some

Paradigm Examples; Bob Coecke, David J. Moore and Sonja Smets. 25.

Complementarity and Paraconsistency; Newton C. A. Da Costa and Decio

Krause. 26. Law, Logic, Rhetoric: a Procedural Model of Legal

Argumentation; Arno Lodder. 27. Essentialist Metaphysics in a Scientific

Framework; Ulrich Nortmann. Index.

Hard cover ISBN: 1-4020-2807-5 Date: October 2004 Pages: 635 pp. EUR

160.00 / USD 175.00 / GBP 111.00

(4) The Death of Argument Fallacies in Agent Based Reasoning

by

John Woods

This book is a sequel to the classic work, Fallacies: Selected Papers

1972?1982 (1989), coauthored with Douglas Walton, and is a further major

contribution to the Woods-Walton Approach to the logic of fallacious

reasoning. No one disputes the formitable accomplishments of modern

mathematical logic; but equally no one seriously believes that classical

logic is much good for the analysis of real-life argument and reasoning,

or that it is the best place in which to transact the business of

fallacy theory. One of the principle innovations of the book is its

adaptation of systems of logic to the particular requirements of fallacy

theory. The book develops logical analyses which take into account such

features of real-life cognitive agency as resource- availability and

computational complexity. The book is also an invitation to

interdisciplinary cooperation, linking the relevant branches of logic

with computer science, cognitive psychology, neurobiology, forensic

science, linguistics, (including conversational analysis and discourse

analysis) and argumentation theory. Another distinctive feature of

Woods? approach to fallacy theory is its recognition of the highly

defeasible character of fallacy-attributions. On this view, reasoning is

fallacious only in relation to the cognitive target that the reasoner

seeks to hit, the standard required for its attainment, and the

cognitive resources available to the reasoner. Accordingly the so-called

Standard Treatment of the fallacies is seriously misconceived. Getting

the fallacies right is an extremely important task for logic, indeed a

central part of its mandate. It is a task much more avowed than

performed. The Death of Argument is a major attempt to redress this

inbalance

CONTENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS Full table of contents available from

Lucy.Fleet_at_springer-sbm.com

Hard cover ISBN: 1-4020-2663-3 Date: November 2004 Pages: 406 pp. EUR

140.00 / USD 199.00 / GBP 97.00

[NB: If you do not receive a reply within 24 hours please resend]

Dr Willard McCarty | Senior Lecturer | Centre for Computing in the

Humanities | King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS || +44 (0)20

7848-2784 fax: -2980 || willard.mccarty_at_kcl.ac.uk

www.kcl.ac.uk/humanities/cch/wlm/

Received on Sat Nov 27 2004 - 04:19:23 EST

*
This archive was generated by hypermail 2.2.0
: Sat Nov 27 2004 - 04:19:26 EST
*