14.0561 interoperability

From: by way of Willard McCarty (willard@lists.village.Virginia.EDU)
Date: 12/14/00

  • Next message: by way of Willard McCarty: "14.0560 e-journals"

                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 14, No. 561.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
             Date: Thu, 14 Dec 2000 09:40:32 +0000
             From: Miles Efron <mefron@metalab.unc.edu>
             Subject: Re: 14.0557 interoperability? intelligent e-journals?
    Willard McCarty wrote...
      > deal. Can anyone recommend a thoughtful, non-specialist treatment of
      > topic?
    A good, high-level discussion of interoperability is:
    Paepcke, A., Chen-Chuan K. C., Garcia-Molina, H., and Winograd, T. (1998)
    "Interoperability for Digital Libraries Worldwide"  in Communications of
    the ACM. 41(4). 33-43.
    The paper comes out of work at the Stanford Digital Library project, but
    it treats interoperability in a very general sense.
    -Miles Efron
    Miles Efron
    School of Information and Library Science
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
    On Tue, 12 Dec 2000, Humanist Discussion Group wrote:
      >                Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 14, No. 557.
      >        Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
      >                <http://www.princeton.edu/~mccarty/humanist/>
      >               <http://www.kcl.ac.uk/humanities/cch/humanist/>
      >    [1]   From:    Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk>         (50)
      >           >
      >    [2]   From:    Gerry McKiernan <gerrymck@IASTATE.EDU>              (24)
      >          Subject: Intelligent E-Journals
      > --[1]------------------------------------------------------------------
      >          Date: Tue, 12 Dec 2000 09:42:36 +0000
      >          From: Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk>
      >          Subject: interoperability?
      > Recently I had occasion to look into the question of "interoperability", in
      > the course of which I ran into Paul Miller's essay, "Interoperability: What
      > is it and Why should I want it?", Ariadne 24 (June 2000),
      > <http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue24/interoperability/>. If I understand him
      > correctly, interoperability is the defining quality of networks and
      > networking of all sorts. It seems a term of such uncertain limits that it
      > can easily mean very little, though actually I think it means a very great
      > deal. Can anyone recommend a thoughtful, non-specialist treatment of this
      > topic?
      > Meanwhile interoperability prompts a question. I hope you can be patient
      > while I stumble my way to it.
      > Miller offers by way of definition the statement that "to be interoperable,
      > one should actively be engaged in the ongoing process of ensuring that the
      > systems, procedures and culture of an organisation are managed in such a
      > way as to maximise opportunities for exchange and re-use of information,
      > whether internally or externally." Under the political sense of the term he
      > observes that "the decision to make resources more widely available has
      > implications for the organisations concerned (where this may be seen as a
      > loss of control or ownership), their staff (who may not possess the skills
      > required to support more complex systems and a newly dispersed user
      > community), and the end users." He goes on to say that, "As traditional
      > boundaries between institutions and disciplines begin to blur, researchers
      > increasingly require access to information from a wide range of sources,
      > both within and without their own subject area." Do we always and
      > unrestrictedly want this?
      > It seems to me that at the technical level it's hard to argue with
      > interoperability, though this is no simple matter. If, for example, I want
      > to link directly to the online Lewis & Short lexicon at Perseus for the
      > definition of a lemma in the reference work I am making, I find that quite
      > often what I call a lemma is not one in L&S. This may seem trivial, but it
      > isn't, or not always. Considerable editorial intelligence and deep
      > knowledge of Latin is behind the choice of lemmata in L&S; I aspire to my
      > choices being as good, but driven by different editorial principles they
      > will often be different. If in such a small matter we're at an impasse, how
      > about bigger ones? Isn't it the case that the mediation between
      > incompatible schemes (that are the enemy of interoperability) requires
      > other than artificial intelligence?
      > I solve the problem with the online L&S by providing a link to the page at
      > Perseus where one types in the word and receives an analysis back, so that
      > the user of my thing can exercise some judgement -- i.e. knowing that I
      > distinguish between singular and plural nominals at the level of the lemma,
      > he or she can enter the singular. I wonder if that human intervention isn't
      > what we'll always need.
      > Yours,
      > WM
      > -----
      > Dr Willard McCarty / Senior Lecturer /
      > Centre for Computing in the Humanities / King's College London /
      > Strand / London WC2R 2LS / U.K. /
      > +44 (0)20 7848-2784 / ilex.cc.kcl.ac.uk/wlm/
      > --[2]------------------------------------------------------------------
      >          Date: Tue, 12 Dec 2000 09:43:33 +0000
      >          From: Gerry McKiernan <gerrymck@IASTATE.EDU>
      >          Subject: Intelligent E-Journals
      >                          _Intelligent E-Journals_
      >     I am interested in learning  of *any* and *all* e-journals  [or
      > e-magazines or e-newsletters or e-newspapers] that monitor the interaction
      > of a reader with the publication and based on such implicit behavior(s)
      > customizes the publication to match these 'expressed' interests so that the
      > reader is provided with (more) content that in similar / related to the
      > content that he/she had previously selected/read. [Whew, What a sentence!
      > [:-)]
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      > [http://www.adaptiveinfo.com ] which provides personalized news services
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      >      As Always, Any and All contributions, suggestions, comments, queries,
      > Supreme Split Decisions, questions, Cosmic Insights, etc. are Most Welcome.
      > /Gerry McKiernan
      > Intelligent Librarian
      > Iowa State University
      > Ames IA 50011
      > gerrymck@iastate.edu
      >                                    _DISCLAIMER_
      >           The commercial service and product mentioned in this posting
    are for
      > educational purposes only; such mention does not constitute an endorsement.

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