Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 13, No. 487.
Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
Date: Tue, 14 Mar 2000 08:15:10 +0000
From: Einat Amitay <email@example.com>
Subject: conventions - the list....
So --- this is my list... It has many directions and I guess some of you
would only relate to some of the texts and the people. I've tried to
include as many online references as possible - so you could look things
Thanks to all the people who mailed me with suggestions:
Guillermo Soto V.
Eve V. Clark
Patrick John Coppock
And for my thoughts about convention: .. it is not surprising that the
the word convention means both agreement and assembly at the same
Have fun reading this scattered list and any comments / corrections /
additions are welcome!
Collins H.M. Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific
Practice (Chicago, 1992).
Collins H.M. (1995).humans, machines, and the structure of knowledge.
Stanford Humanities Review, 4:2. Online:
"... normal action is usually 'rule following' and sometimes 'rule
establishing'. ... We know that normal action is rule-following because
we nearly always know when we have broken the rules."
Marshall McLuhan: Is It Natural That One Medium Should Appropriate and
[Essay from McLuhan: Hot and Cool, ed. George Stearn (1967)]
"All media testing has been done within the parameters of older media --
especially of speech and print."
Kurt Lewin - beyond language proper to social behavior
Roger Fidler's "Mediamorphosis" (Pine Forge, 1997)
Herbert H. Clark
Clark, H.H. (1996). Using language. Cambridge University Press.
Clark, H.H. (1997?). [ something like: Commonalities, communities, and
conventions ] In: Gumperz & Levinson (eds) Rethinking relativity.
Cambridge University Press.
Quintilian and Demetrio;
the ars dictaminis in the Middle Ages, etc.
Appendix Probi? It's a beautiful normative book that shows you the "bad"
latin people were using instead of the cultivated high one, when the
work was written.
Patrick John Coppock - TextNorm>CoDiVE
Benjamin Lee Whorf
Penny Lee. The Whorf Theory Complex; A critical reconstruction
Clark, E. V. 1993. The lexicon in acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge
Lewis, D. K. 1969. Convention: a philosophical study.
Eva Schultze-Berndt -- (Structuralist grammarians and cognitive
linguists have sometimes talked about grammar in terms of patterns and
Eva Schultze-Berndt, Sprachwissenschaftliches Institut,
Langacker, Ronald W., 1990. Concept, Image, and Symbol. The cognitive
basis of grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
..... I conceive the grammar of a language as merely providing the speaker
with an inventory of symbolic resources, among them schematic templates
representing established patterns in the assembly of complex symbolic
structures. Speakers employ these symbolic units as standards of
comparison in assessing the conventionality of novel expressions and
usages, whether of their own creation or supplied by other speakers.
(Langacker (1990: 16)
Hockett, Charles F., 1958. A course in Modern Linguistics. New York: The
A language is a complex system of habits (p. 137)
An act of speech, or utterance, is not a habit, but a historical event,
though it partly conforms to, reflects, and is controlled by the habits.
Acts of speech, like other historical events, are directly observable.
Habits are not directly observable; they must be inferred from observed
events... (p. 141)
Bloomfield, Leonard, 1970 . Language. London: George Allen & Unwin
Fillmore, Charles J., 1988. "The mechanisms of 'Construction
Grammar'."Berkeley Linguistic Society 14: 35-55.
Fillmore, Charles J., Paul Kay & Mary C. O'Connor, 1988. "Regularity and
idiomaticity in grammatical constructions: The case of Let Alone."
Language 64: 501-538.
Frei, Henri, 1962. "L'unit linguistique complexe." Lingua 11:128-140.
Goldberg, Adele, 1995. Constructions. A Construction Grammar Approach to
Argument Structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Langacker, Ronald W., 1987. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Vol. I.
Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Functionalists and Structuralists
(compared with Saussure's view) http://www.allgaeu.org/fak/halliday.htm
Teun A. van Dijk
Barnes, B. (1981). On the conventional character of knowledge and
cognition. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 11, 303-333.
Gazdar, G. (1977). Conversational analysis and convention:
Sociolinguistics. Analytic Sociology, 1(1), D8-F9. [ 1]
Schwartz, H. (1989). The life history of a social norm. In D.T. Helm,
W.T. Anderson, A.J. Meehan, and A.W. Rawls (Eds.) The interactional
order: New directions in the study of social order (pp. 162-185). New
York, NY: Irvington Publishers.
Wieder, D.L., and Wright, C. (1982). Norms, conformity and deviance. In
Rosenberg, Stebbins, and Turoweta (Eds.) The sociology of deviance (pp.
258-287). New York, NY: St. Martins Press.
Wootton, A.J. (1986). Rules in action: Orderly features of actions that
formulate rules. In J. Cook-Gumperz, W. Corsaro, and J. Streeck (Eds.)
Children's worlds in children's language (pp. 147-168). Berlin, BRD:
Mouton de Gruyter.
Harold Garfinkel -- Ethnomethodology
Garfinkel, H. (???). A manual for the study of naturally organized
ordinary activities. 3 vols. London, UK: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Philip E. Agre
Judith Martin -- "Miss Manners"
Virginia Shea -- "Netiquette"
Wittgenstein L. (1987). Philosophical Investigations. G. E. Anscombe &
R. Rhees (Editors), Prentice Hall. (par. 227):
"Would it make sense to say 'If he did something DIFFERENT every day we
should not say he was obeying a rule'? That makes NO sense." (the
capitals are terms W. put in italics + between par 190 and 242-3, you'll
find a discussion of W. on 'following a rule').
"Calvin and Hobbes" comic strip where the two play "Calvin ball", a game
where you make the rules as you go along...
Toury G. (1995). The Nature and Role of Norms in Translation. In
"Descriptive Translation Studies and Beyond". Amsterdam-Philadelphia:
John Benjamins, 1995, 53-69.
Toury G. (1998). A Handful of Paragraphs on 'Translation' and 'Norms'.
In: Christina Schffner, ed. Translation and Norms. Clevedon etc.:
Multilingual Matters, 1998. 10-32. [also available as Vol 5, Nos 1&2 of
Current Issues in Language & Society]
The Law of the Horse: What Cyberlaw Might Teach
Polysystem Theory -- A revised version of "Polysystem Theory," in
Polysystem Studies [= Poetics Today, 11:1] 1990, pp. 9-26. First version
was published in Poetics Today 1979 I, 1-2:287-310.
Peter Suber -- The Reflexivity of Change: The Case of Language Norms
Fisher, K. (1997). Locating Frames in the Discursive Universe.
Sociological Research Online, 2:3
Sentence conventions -
Mark Bernstein - Patterns of Hypertext
Fit the Second - The Bellman's Speech
"What's the good of Mercator's North Poles and Equators,
Tropics, Zones, and Meridian Lines?"
So the Bellman would cry: and the crew would reply
"They are merely conventional signs!
Fidler R.F. (1997). Mediamorphosis: Understanding New Media. Pine Forge
Press, Thousand Oaks, CA.
"The wealth of communication technologies we now take for granted would
not have been possible if the birth of each new medium had resulted in
the simultaneous death of an older medium."
Sapir, E. (1929): 'The Status of Linguistics as a Science'. In E. Sapir
(1958): Culture, Language and Personality (ed. D. G. Mandelbaum).
Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
"We see and hear and otherwise experience very largely as we do because
the language habits of our community predispose certain choices of
interpretation. (Sapir 1958 , p. 69)"
John B. Van Huyck et al.
"Convention generalizes precedent to situations where one lacks shared
experience, but knows that everyone involved is a member of the same
community. An observable regularity in the behavior of members of a
community in a recurrent situation is a convention if it is customary,
expected, and mutually consistent..."
-- Einat Amitay firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.ics.mq.edu.au/~einat
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