13.0084 new on WWW: American maps

Humanist Discussion Group (humanist@kcl.ac.uk)
Thu, 1 Jul 1999 17:17:31 +0100 (BST)

Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 13, No. 84.
Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

Date: Thu, 1 Jul 1999 10:46:26 -0500
From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org>
Subject: New Maps Added to American Memory Project


News on Networking Cultural Heritage Resources=20
from across the Community

July 1, 1999

=FF=04New Maps Added to American Memory Collections:

Mapping the National Parks

1562 Map of America by Diego Guti=E9rrez

1570 Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius

>Date: Thu, 01 Jul 1999 10:01:29 -0400
>From: Tamara Swora-Gober <tswo@loc.gov>
>Organization: Library of Congress
>To: david@ninch.org
>> the Parks"

The Library of Congress National Digital Library Program and the
Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress are pleased to
announce a new collection to be added to the American Memory historical
collections. Mapping the National Parks, which can be found at the
following URL:
provides users with information about the history, cultural aspects and
geological formations of the areas that became Acadia, Great Smokey
Mountain, Grand Canyon and Yellowstone National Parks. The 200 maps
that comprise this collection date from the 17th Century to the current
day and provide samples of early mapping practices as well as
information on the areas that would become the parks themselves. Each
park has a Special Presentation, which provides additional information
about each park and provides examples of the kinds of maps available for
study. Of special interest are the nautical charts that are a part of
the Acadia National Park Special Presentation. These nautical charts
not only document the shore and water areas that are a part of Acadia
National Park; they also document the importance of the water as a
source of transportation and commerce for the area.=20

Also of interest are the maps of the Grand Canyon that can be accessed
by clicking the image on the site's home page. These maps not only
provide detailed information about the Grand Canyon but also glorious
views of various scenes from the Canyon, many of which can also be
accessed from the Evolution of the Conservation Movement collection,
which is also part of American Memory. The Rockefeller Foundation
provided funding for the Mapping the National Parks collection.

In addition to this new collection, the Geography and Map Division has
added two new special maps to its current online collections. A special
presentation about the 1562 Map of America by Diego Guti=E9rrez has been
added to the Discovery and Exploration Maps collection
Guti=E9rrez, a noted cosmographer from the firm Casa de la Contrataci=F3n,
collaborated with Hieronymous Cock, a noted engraver from Antwerp, to
create a map of the Americas, what was then considered the fourth part
of the world. At the time it was the largest engraved map of the
Americas and presently only two copies of this map survive, one here at
the Library of Congress; the other at the British Library. This richly
illustrated map provides a view of an America filled with images and
names that had been popularized in Europe following Columbus's 1492
voyage of discovery. Images of parrots, monkeys, mermaids, fearsome sea
creatures, Patagonian giants, and an erupting volcano in central Mexico
complement the numerous settlements, rivers, mountains, and capes named.
This map correctly identifies the location of the Amazon River and many
other bodies of water in South America. The map also identified various
land areas in the Southwestern United States and in Central America.

The final addition to the online map collections is the 1570 Theatrum
Orbis Terrarum (Theater of the World) by Abraham Ortelius, (1527-1598),
a Dutch Scholar and geographer. This atlas has been added to the
special presentation on atlases in the General Map Collections
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum is considered the first true atlas in the modern
sense: a collection of uniform map sheets and sustaining text bound to
form a book for which copper printing plates were specifically engraved.
More than an original concept, the Theatrum was also the most
authoritative and successful such work during the late sixteenth and
early seventeenth centuries. Because it was frequently revised to
reflect new geographical and historical insights, contemporary scholars
in Western Europe praised the Theatrum highly for its accuracy .The
Theatrum atlas first appeared in 1570 and continued to be published
until 1612. During this period, over seventy-three hundred copies were
printed in thirty-one editions and seven different languages-a
remarkable figure for the time. Many of his atlas's maps were based upon
sources that no longer exist or are extremely rare. In addition,
Ortelius included a listed of contemporary cartographers who served as
sources in the creation of this atlas. Without this many of these
cartographers would otherwise have remained unknown.

Patrons who wish to just view the plates from the Ortelius Atlas can
click on the words "maps only" and view the beautifully colored and
designed maps that are a part of the atlas. Areas included in this atlas
include Africa, Germany, Greece, Early India and Spain.

For further information about these collections please contact the
Geography and Map Division at 202-707-MAPS (6277).
NINCH-Anounce is an announcement listserv, produced by the National Initiat=
ive for a Networked Cultural Heritage (NINCH), a diverse coalition of arts,=
humanities and social science organizations created to assure leadership f=
rom the cultural community in=20
the evolution of the digital environment.

The subjects of these announcements are not, unless otherwise noted, the pr=
ojects of NINCH; neeither does NINCH necessarily endorse the subjects of an=

We attempt to credit all re-distributed news and announcements and apprecia=
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202/296-5346 202/872-0886 fax

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